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Biol Pharm Bull. 2004 May;27(5):617-20.

Inhibition of nitric oxide and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) production by propenone compound through blockade of nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B activation in cultured murine macrophages.

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College of Pharmacy, Yeungnam University, Gyongsan, South Korea.


Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophages produce large amounts of nitric oxide (NO) by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). This is an important mechanism in macrophage-induced septic shock and inflammation. In the present study, we tested a synthetic propenone compound, 1-furan-2-yl-3-pyridin-2-yl-propenone (FPP-3) for its ability to inhibit the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and an inducible enzyme, iNOS, in the LPS-stimulated murine macrophage-like cell line, RAW264.7. FPP-3 consistently inhibited nitric oxide (NO) and TNF-alpha production in a dose dependent manner, with IC(50) values of 10.0 and 13.1 microM, respectively. Western blotting probed with specific anti-iNOS antibodies showed that the decrease in quantity of the NO product was accompanied by a decrease in the iNOS protein level. In cells transiently transfected with nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB promoter-luciferase reporter construct, this compound clearly inhibited the LPS-stimulated NF-kappaB activation. Moreover, this compound inhibited IkappaB-alpha degradation in a concentration and time-dependent manner. These results indicate that FPP-3 inhibits NO production via inhibition of degradation of IkappaB-alpha through NF-kappaB activation.

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