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Vet Pathol. 2004 May;41(3):269-72.

Immunohistochemical expression of estrogen receptor beta in normal and tumoral canine mammary glands.

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Dpto. de A. y Anatomía Patológica Comparadas, Universidad de Córdoba, Edificio de Sanidad Animal, Campus de Rabanales, Carretera de Madrid-Cádiz, Km. 396, Córdoba 14014, Spain.


To date, two isoforms of estrogen receptors (ER) have been identified, cloned, and characterized from several species, estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) and estrogen receptor-beta (ERbeta). Although the presence of ERalpha has been demonstrated in normal and tumoral canine mammary tissues, the issue of ERbeta expression has not been addressed in the dog. In this study, we have analyzed the expression of ERbeta in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples of nonaltered mammary gland, 30 malignant (six complex carcinoma, 12 simple carcinoma, three carcinosarcoma, and nine carcinoma or sarcoma in benign tumor), and five benign (one fibroadenoma, one complex papilloma, one complex adenoma, and two benign mixed tumors) mammary tumors of the dog by using a polyclonal ERbeta antibody and the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex immunohistochemical technique. Our results show that high numbers of normal ductal and acinar epithelium and approximately one third of canine mammary tumors express ERbeta. This expression was higher in benign than in malignant tumors. Furthermore, expression was higher in complex and mixed histologic subtypes of malignant tumors when compared with simple subtypes.

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