Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Ethn Dis. 2004 Spring;14(2):243-9.

Characteristics of ketosis-prone diabetes in a multiethnic indigent community.

Author information

1
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine Houston, Texas 77030, USA. mariom@bcm.tmc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare demographic and clinical characteristics among 3 ethnic groups of indigent patients exhibiting diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), in Houston, Texas.

METHODS:

Over a span of 3.5 years, 321 patients were interviewed at the time of admission for DKA. Demographic, clinical, and biochemical data and measures of pancreatic beta-cell function were obtained at baseline and during follow up. Pearson's chi-square test, or one-way ANOVA, were used, as appropriate, to evaluate group differences.

RESULTS:

Of the 321 subjects, 44% were African-American, 40% were Hispanic, and 16% were Caucasian. A significantly higher proportion of Hispanics had preserved beta-cell function, compared to African Americans and Caucasians (51% vs 32% and 32%, respectively; P = .002). This difference, present at the time of the admission, was maintained through follow up. In a multivariate analysis, Hispanic ethnicity (OR 3.61; 95% CI 1.48-9.29) was a significant predictor of preserved beta-cell function. In addition, Hispanics were less likely to develop DKA as a result of treatment non-compliance, and more likely to have DKA precipitated by an acute illness.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings indicated that ethnicity is associated with significant differences in the pathophysiologic and clinical characteristics of indigent, ketosis-prone patients. Hispanic ethnicity was found to be associated with greater beta-cell functional reserve, and less dependence on chronic insulin therapy.

PMID:
15132210
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center