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Clin Cancer Res. 2004 May 1;10(9):3156-68.

Decreased nucleotide excision repair activity and alterations of topoisomerase IIalpha are associated with the in vivo resistance of a P388 leukemia subline to F11782, a novel catalytic inhibitor of topoisomerases I and II.

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1
Division of Experimental Cancer Research, Pierre Fabre Research Center, Castres, Cedex, France. anna.kruczynski@pierre-fabre.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of the study was to investigate the mechanisms associated with antitumor activity and resistance to F11782, a novel dual catalytic inhibitor of topoisomerases with DNA repair-inhibitory properties.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

For that purpose, an F11782-resistant P388 leukemia subline (P388/F11782) has been developed in vivo and characterized.

RESULTS:

Weekly subtherapeutic doses of F11782 (10 mg/kg) induced complete resistance to F11782 after 8 weekly passages. This resistant P388/F11782 subline retained some in vivo sensitivity to several DNA-topoisomerase II and/or I complex-stabilizing poisons and showed marked collateral sensitivity to cisplatin, topotecan, colchicine, and Vinca alkaloids, while proving completely cross-resistant only to merbarone and doxorubicin. Therefore, resistance to F11782 did not appear to be associated with a classic multidrug resistance profile, as further reflected by unaltered drug uptake and no overexpression of resistance-related proteins or modification of the glutathione-mediated detoxification process. In vivo resistance to F11782 was, however, associated with a marked reduction in topoisomerase IIalpha protein (87%) and mRNA (50%) levels, as well as a diminution of the catalytic activity of topoisomerase IIalpha. In contrast, only minor reductions in topoisomerases IIbeta and I levels were recorded. However, of major interest, nucleotide excision repair activity was decreased 3-fold in these P388/F11782 cells and was more specifically associated with a decreased (67%) level of XPG (human xeroderma pigmentosum group G complementing protein), an endonuclease involved in this DNA repair system.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggest that both topoisomerase IIalpha and XPG are major targets of F11782 in vivo and further demonstrate the original mechanism of action of this novel compound.

PMID:
15131057
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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