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Mech Ageing Dev. 2004 May;125(5):341-9.

Effects of simultaneous over-expression of Cu/ZnSOD and MnSOD on Drosophila melanogaster life span.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Molecular and Computational Biology Program, University of Southern California, 835 West 37th Street, University Park, Los Angeles, CA 90089-1340 USA.


The FLP-out technique, based on yeast FLP recombinase, allows induced over-expression of transgenes in Drosophila adults. With FLP-out control and over-expressing flies have identical genetic backgrounds and therefore differences in life span must result from transgene induction. The amount of over-expression achieved varies between independent transgenic lines, and previously for both Cu/ZnSOD and MnSOD life span was found to be increased in proportion to the increase in enzyme activity. To determine if greater increases in enzyme and life span could be achieved with FLP-out, enzyme over-expression and life span were analyzed in eight lines containing two MnSOD transgenes, three lines containing three MnSOD transgenes, and three lines containing a MnSOD transgene plus a Cu/ZnSOD transgene. Life span was again found to be increased in proportion to the increase in MnSOD enzyme activity, with increases of up to 40% in mean and maximum life span. However the increases in enzyme activity and life span conferred per transgene were reduced when more than one transgene was present at the same time. When the reduced efficiency of enzyme over-expression per transgene was taken into account, simultaneous over-expression of MnSOD and Cu/ZnSOD was found to have partially additive effects on life span.

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