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J Am Diet Assoc. 2004 May;104(5):807-10.

Diabetes self-management training program in a community clinic improves patient outcomes at modest cost.

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Department of Human Ecology, University of Texas at Austin, 200 W. 24th Street, Austin, TX 78705, USA.


Stringent glycemic control reduces complications and health care costs for people with diabetes. This study assessed the effectiveness of a diabetes self-management training (DSMT) program at a community clinic. Education and a glucometer were provided to 70 people with type 2 diabetes in a 4-hour class, followed by individual dietitian consults and monthly support meetings. Most participants were Hispanic or African American with mean age of 49+/-10 years and mean body mass index of 34+/-9. Body weight, glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C), medications, and follow-up attendance were monitored. After 2 to 12 months of program participation, mean A1C improved from 9.7+/-2.4% to 8.2+/-2.0% (P<.001); 61% experienced positive medication outcomes. The cost of community clinic DSMT was approximately $280 per person per year, $185 for each point reduction in A1C. This study indicated that community clinic DSMT can improve glycemic control at modest cost.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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