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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 May;89(5):2179-84.

Marked suppression of dihydrotestosterone in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia by dutasteride, a dual 5alpha-reductase inhibitor.

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  • 1Clinical Pharmacology, GlaxoSmithKline Research and Development, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA. richard.v.clark@gsk.com

Abstract

Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is the primary metabolite of testosterone in the prostate and skin. Testosterone is converted to DHT by 5alpha-reductase, which exists in two isoenzyme forms (types 1 and 2). DHT is associated with development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and reduction in its level with 5alpha-reductase inhibitors improves the symptoms associated with BPH and reduces the risk of acute urinary retention and prostate surgery. A selective inhibitor of the type 2 isoenzyme (finasteride) has been shown to decrease serum DHT by about 70%. We hypothesized that inhibition of both isoenzymes with the dual inhibitor dutasteride would more effectively suppress serum DHT levels than selective inhibition of only the type 2 isoenzyme. A total of 399 patients with BPH were randomized to receive once-daily dosing for 24 wk of dutasteride (0.01, 0.05, 0.5, 2.5, or 5.0 mg), 5 mg finasteride, or placebo. The mean percent decrease in DHT was 98.4 +/- 1.2% with 5.0 mg dutasteride and 94.7 +/- 3.3% with 0.5 mg dutasteride, significantly lower (P < 0.001) and with less variability than the 70.8 +/- 18.3% suppression observed with 5 mg finasteride. Mean testosterone levels increased but remained in the normal range for all treatment groups. Dutasteride appeared to be well tolerated with an adverse event profile similar to placebo.

PMID:
15126539
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2003-030330
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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