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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 May;89(5):2153-9.

Exogenous and endogenous postprandial lipid abnormalities in type 2 diabetic patients with optimal blood glucose control and optimal fasting triglyceride levels.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Federico II University, 80131 Naples, Italy. rivelles@unina.it

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate exogenous and endogenous lipoprotein responses to a standard fat-rich meal in type 2 diabetic patients with optimal fasting triglyceridemia and optimal blood glucose control. Seven type 2 diabetic patients and five nondiabetic controls (age, 49 +/- 7 and 48 +/- 4 yr; body mass index, 28.3 +/- 3.6 and 25.1 +/- 3.6 kg/m(2); mean +/- SD) were given, after at least 12 h of fasting, a standard fat-rich meal. Before and over the 6 h after the meal, serial blood samples were taken for determination of glucose, insulin, lipids, lipoproteins, apolipoprotein B-48 (apo B-48), apo B-100, free fatty acids, and lipoprotein lipase activity. The main abnormality in the postprandial lipid response of diabetic patients involved large very low density lipoproteins. In these particles, apo B-48, apo B-100, cholesterol, and triglyceride incremental areas were, in fact, significantly higher in diabetics compared with controls [7.08 +/- 2.65 vs. 1.17 +/- 0.88 mg/liter.h, 65.5 +/- 11.5 vs. 12.4 +/- 1.77 mg/liter.h, 29.7 +/- 3.9 vs. 13.1 +/- 3.1 mg/dl.h (0.77 +/- 0.10 vs. 0.34 +/- 0.08 mmol/liter.h), 170 +/- 31 vs. 94 +/- 22 mg/dl.h (1.93 +/- 0.35 vs. 1.06 +/- 0.25 mmol/liter.h)] (all P < 0.05; mean +/- SEM). Postprandial preheparin lipoprotein lipase plasma activity was, if anything, higher in diabetic patients. In conclusion, even with fasting normotriglyceridemia and optimal blood glucose control, type 2 diabetic patients are characterized, in the postprandial period, by a significant increase in large very low density lipoproteins of both endogenous and exogenous origins.

PMID:
15126535
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2003-031764
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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