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J Cell Biol. 2004 May 10;165(3):305-11. Epub 2004 May 3.

Proximal, selective, and dynamic interactions between integrin alphaIIbbeta3 and protein tyrosine kinases in living cells.

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Department of Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Rd., VB-5, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.


Stable platelet aggregation, adhesion, and spreading during hemostasis are promoted by outside-in alphaIIbbeta3 signals that feature rapid activation of c-Src and Syk, delayed activation of FAK, and cytoskeletal reorganization. To evaluate these alphaIIbbeta3-tyrosine kinase interactions at nanometer proximity in living cells, we monitored bioluminescence resonance energy transfer between GFP and Renilla luciferase chimeras and bimolecular fluorescence complementation between YFP half-molecule chimeras. These techniques revealed that alphaIIbbeta3 interacts with c-Src at the periphery of nonadherent CHO cells. After plating cells on fibrinogen, complexes of alphaIIbbeta3-c-Src, alphaIIbbeta3-Syk, and c-Src-Syk are observed in membrane ruffles and focal complexes, and the interactions involving Syk require Src activity. In contrast, FAK interacts with alphaIIbbeta3 and c-Src, but not with Syk, in focal complexes and adhesions. All of these interactions require the integrin beta3 cytoplasmic tail. Thus, alphaIIbbeta3 interacts proximally, if not directly, with tyrosine kinases in a coordinated, selective, and dynamic manner during sequential phases of alphaIIbbeta3 signaling to the actin cytoskeleton.

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