Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2004 Jul 2;279(27):28113-21. Epub 2004 Apr 28.

Post-transcriptional regulation of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 by ethanol induces class I alcohol dehydrogenase in rat liver.

Author information

Arkansas Children's Nutrition Center, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 1120 Marshall Street, Little Rock, AR 72202, USA.


Members of the sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) family of transcription factors control the synthesis and uptake of cholesterol, fatty acids, triglycerides, and phospholipids. Continuous intragastric infusion of ethanol-containing diets as part of total enteral nutrition generates well defined 6-day cycles (pulses) of urine ethanol concentrations (UECs) in rats. Pulsatile UECs are the result of cyclical expression and activity of the principal alcohol-metabolizing enzyme, hepatic Class I alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), and this mechanism involves regulated CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-beta expression and binding to the ADH promoter. In this study, we further explore the molecular mechanism for ethanol-induced ADH expression during the UEC pulse in adult male rats fed ethanol by total enteral nutrition for 21-30 days. In hypophysectomized rats, in which the ADH protein increased by approximately 6-fold, the nuclear form of SREBP-1 decreased by approximately 7-fold. Because the ADH promoter contains two canonical sterol response element (SRE) sites (-63 to -53 and -52 to -40 relative to the transcription start site), electrophoretic mobility shift assays were conducted using an ADH-specific SRE site. Hepatic nuclear protein binding decreased by 2.4-fold on the ascending limbs and by 3.6-fold on the descending limbs of UEC pulses (p < 0.05). The specificity of nuclear protein binding to the ADH-SRE site was confirmed using antibody and UV cross-link assays. The in vivo binding status of SREBP-1 to ADH-SRE sites, as measured by the chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, had a pattern very similar to the electrophoretic mobility shift assay results. Functional analysis of the ADH-SREs demonstrated these sites to be essential for ADH transcription. In vitro transcription assays demonstrated that depletion of the SREBP-1 protein from nuclear extracts increased transcription activity by approximately 5-fold and that the liver X receptor agonist T0901317 (a known activator of SREBP-1c transcription) reduced in vitro expression of ADH mRNA by 2-fold. We conclude that SREBP-1 is a negative regulator of the ADH gene and may work in concert with the CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins to mediate ethanol induction of ADH in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

MeSH terms, Substances

MeSH terms


PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center