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J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2004;18(2):100-6.

Characterization of triacsin C inhibition of short-, medium-, and long-chain fatty acid: CoA ligases of human liver.

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  • 1Department of Veterans' Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA.


Short-, medium-, and long-chain fatty acid:CoA ligases from human liver were tested for their sensitivity to inhibition by triacsin C. The short-chain fatty acid:CoA ligase was inhibited less than 10% by concentrations of triacsin C as high as 80 microM. The two mitochondrial xenobiotic/medium-chain fatty acid:CoA ligases (XM-ligases), HXM-A and HXM-B, were partially inhibited by triacsin C, and the inhibitions were characterized by low affinity for triacsin C (K(I) values > 100 microM). These inhibitions were found to be the result of triacsin C competing with medium-chain fatty acid for binding at the active site. The microsomal and mitochondrial forms of long-chain fatty acid:CoA ligase (also termed long-chain fatty acyl-CoA synthetase, or long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase LACS) were potently inhibited by triacsin C, and the inhibition had identical characteristics for both LACS forms. Dixon plots of this inhibition were biphasic. There is a high-affinity site with a K(I) of 0.1 microM that accounts for a maximum of 70% of the inhibition. There is also a low affinity site with a K(I) of 6 microM that accounts for a maximum of 30% inhibition. Kinetic analysis revealed that the high-affinity inhibition of the mitochondrial and microsomal LACS forms is the result of triacsin C binding at the palmitate substrate site. The high-affinity triacsin C inhibition of both the mitochondrial and microsomal LACS forms was found to require a high concentration of free Mg(2+), with the EC(50) for inhibition being 3 mM free Mg(2+). The low affinity triacsin C inhibition was also enhanced by Mg(2+). The data suggests that Mg(2+) promotes triacsin C inhibition of LACS by enhancing binding at the palmitate binding site. In contrast, the partial inhibition of the XM-ligases by triacsin C, which showed only a low-affinity component, did not require Mg(2+).

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