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Oncogene. 2004 Jul 22;23(33):5643-53.

Control of cell cycle-dependent degradation of c-Ski proto-oncoprotein by Cdc34.

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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado-Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA.


It is known that excess amounts of Ski, or any member of its proto-oncoprotein family, causes disruption of the transforming growth factor beta signal transduction pathway, thus causing oncogenic transformation of cells. Previous studies indicate that Ski is a relatively unstable protein whose expression levels can be regulated by ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis. Here, we investigate the mechanism by which the stability of Ski is regulated. We show that the steady-state levels of Ski protein are controlled post-translationally by cell cycle-dependent proteolysis, wherein Ski is degraded during the interphase of the cell cycle but is relatively stable during mitosis. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme Cdc34 mediates cell cycle-dependent Ski degradation both in vitro and in vivo. Overexpression of dominant-negative Cdc34 stabilizes Ski and enhances its ability to antagonize TGF-beta signaling. Our data suggest that regulated proteolysis of Ski is one of the key mechanisms that control the threshold levels of this proto-oncoprotein, and thus prevents epithelial cells from becoming TGF-beta resistant.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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