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Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 Jan-Feb;39(1):1-19.

S-Adenosyl-L-methionine-dependent restriction enzymes.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.


Restriction-modification (R-M) enzymes are classified into type I, II, III, and IV, based on their recognition sequence, subunit composition, cleavage position, and cofactor requirements. While the role of S-Adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) as the methyl group donor in the methylation reaction is undisputed, its requirement in DNA cleavage reaction has been subject to intense study. AdoMet is a prerequisite for the DNA cleavage by most type I enzymes known so far, with the exception of R.EcoR124I. A number of new type II restriction enzymes belonging to the type IIB and IIG family were found to show AdoMet dependence for their cleavage reaction. The type III enzymes have been found to require AdoMet for their restriction function. AdoMet functions as an allosteric effector of the DNA cleavage reaction and has been shown to bring about conformational changes in the protein upon binding.

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