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Exp Cell Res. 2004 May 15;296(1):43-50.

Ribosome biogenesis: of knobs and RNA processing.

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Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.


The synthesis of ribosomes in eukaryotes involves processing of pre-ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) and sequential assembly of a large number of ribosomal proteins on the rRNAs. Although we have gained tremendous insights into the processing of pre-rRNA intermediates in the last three decades, little was known about the dynamic nature of ribosome biogenesis. Only recently the development of efficient affinity-purification procedures and mass-spectrometry techniques has allowed the isolation of large pre-ribosomal complexes, which led to the identification of several ribosome assembly intermediates and a large number of novel ribosome assembly factors. In this mini-review, we summarize some of the discoveries that have been made in the field of ribosome biogenesis in the past 30 years and highlight some key aspects about what remains to be learned.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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