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Ann Med. 2004;36(2):135-45.

The ins and outs of reverse cholesterol transport.

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1
AMC Liver Center, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. A.K.groen@amc.uva.nl

Abstract

It is generally assumed that HDL is the obligate transport vehicle for 'reverse cholesterol transport', the pathway for removal of excess cholesterol from peripheral tissues via the liver into bile and subsequent excretion via the feces. During the last few years, intensive research has generated exciting new data on the separate processes involved in reverse cholesterol transport. Many 'new' proteins, particularly members of the ABC transporter and nuclear receptor subfamilies, that mediate or influence cholesterol fluxes have been identified and characterized. An important role of the intestine in regulation of cholesterol homeostasis is emerging. In this paper, new insights into mechanisms of reverse cholesterol are reviewed.

PMID:
15119833
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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