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Hum Genet. 1992 Aug;89(6):590-2.

The majority of the marker chromosomes in Japanese patients with stigmata of Turner syndrome are derived from Y chromosomes.

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Department of Congenital Abnormalities Research, National Children's Medical Research Center, Tokyo, Japan.


DNA analyses of 41 individuals with stigmata of Turner syndrome and a 45,X/46,X+mar or 46,X+mar karyotype were carried out. Southern-blot analysis employing 17 Y-specific probes were used to determine whether the marker chromosome was Y-chromosomal in origin. Of the 41 DNA samples from these patients, 23 contained detectable Y-chromosomal DNA. Points of chromosome breakage were distributed over the entire length of the Y long arm. Three individuals, who carry different portions of the Y chromosome, had developed gonadoblastoma. GBY (the gonadoblastoma locus on the Y chromosome) is mapped proximal to DYS132, midway between the 13 Yq loci that we have studied. We also used a polymerase chain reaction technique that could detect 7 loci over the length of the Y chromosome. This technique may be useful for the rapid assessment of marker chromosomes, especially for evaluating the risk of gonadoblastoma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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