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JSLS. 2004 Apr-Jun;8(2):103-7.

1000 office-based hysteroscopies prior to in vitro fertilization: feasibility and findings.

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1
Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Hysteroscopy offers diagnostic accuracy and the ability to treat uterine pathology, but practitioners may be reluctant to perform it without a high index of suspicion because it traditionally requires an operating room. This study reviews the findings and feasibility of office-based diagnostic and operative hysteroscopy in an unselected in vitro fertilization (IVF) population to evaluate whether first-line hysteroscopy should be recommended.

METHODS:

One thousand consecutive infertile patients scheduled for in vitro fertilization underwent office hysteroscopy. A rigid 20-degree 5-mm hysteroscope, with an operative channel for grasping forceps, scissors, or coaxial bipolar electrode was used. Operative findings, complications, and patient tolerance were noted.

RESULTS:

Sixty-two percent of patients had a normal uterine cavity. Thirty-two percent had endometrial polyps. Other pathology included submucous fibroids (3%), intrauterine adhesions (3%), polypoid endometrium (0.9%), septum (0.5%) retained products of conception (0.3%), and bicornuate uterus (0.3%). The pathology was treated in all patients without complication.

CONCLUSIONS:

When hysteroscopy is routinely performed prior to in vitro fertilization, a significant percentage of patients have uterine pathology that may impair the success of fertility treatment. Patient tolerance, safety, and the feasibility of simultaneous operative correction make office hysteroscopy an ideal procedure.

PMID:
15119651
PMCID:
PMC3015532
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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