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J Clin Oncol. 2004 May 1;22(9):1630-7.

Ten-year outcomes in a population-based cohort of node-negative, lymphatic, and vascular invasion-negative early breast cancers without adjuvant systemic therapies.

Author information

1
Division of Medical Oncology, Breast Cancer Outcomes Unit, British Columbia Cancer Agency, 600 West 10th Ave, Vancouver, BC Canada, V5Z 4E6. schia@bccancer.bc.ca

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To discuss the absolute benefits from adjuvant systemic therapy knowledge of long-term outcomes and baseline risks of relapse and disease-specific survival are required. We assessed the 10-year outcomes in a population-based cohort of node-negative (N-) lymphovascular negative (LV-) early breast cancers diagnosed from 1989 to 1991 who did not receive adjuvant systemic therapy.

METHODS:

One thousand one hundred eighty-seven cases of pT(1-2)N(0) LV- breast cancers with a median follow-up of 10.4 years were reviewed. Kaplan-Meier survival curves for relapse free survival (RFS), breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) and overall survival (OS) were compared with log-rank tests with cohorts stratified for tumor size and grade.

RESULTS:

The median age of this series was 62 years. Four hundred thirty tumors were < or = 1 cm in diameter (cohort 1), 507 were 1.1-2 cm (cohort 2), and 250 were 2.1 to 5 cm in diameter (cohort 3). The 10-year outcomes for cohorts 1, 2, and 3, respectively, were significantly different: RFS, 82%, 75%, and 66%; BCSS, 92%, 90%, and 77%; and OS, 79%, 78%, and 66%. Tumor grade significantly altered outcome within size cohorts, particularly in pT(1)N(0) breast cancers.

CONCLUSION:

This study provides detailed information on the continued relapse and breast cancer death rate to 10 years of follow-up. Specifically, without adjuvant systemic therapy, patients with LV-, N - breast cancer had a > or = 25% 10-year risk of relapse and a corresponding 10-year breast cancer death rate of > or = 10% if they had either a grade 3 tumor < or = 1 cm, a grade 2 to 3 tumor from 1.1 to 2 cm, or any grade tumor greater than 2 cm.

PMID:
15117985
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.2004.09.070
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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