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Am J Public Health. 2004 May;94(5):823-9.

Vision impairment and hearing loss among community-dwelling older Americans: implications for health and functioning.

Author information

1
National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, F-35, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. jcrews@cdc.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We investigated the health, activity, and social participation of people aged 70 years or older with vision impairment, hearing loss, or both.

METHODS:

We examined the 1994 Second Supplement on Aging to determine the health and activities of these 3 groups compared with those without sensory loss. We calculated odds ratios and classified variables according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework.

RESULTS:

Older people with only hearing loss reported disparities in health, activities, and social roles; those with only vision impairment reported greater disparities; and those with both reported the greatest disparities.

CONCLUSIONS:

A hierarchical pattern emerged as impairments predicted consistent disparities in activities and social participation. This population's patterns of health and activities have public health implications.

PMID:
15117707
PMCID:
PMC1448344
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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