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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2004 Sep;287(3):G582-91. Epub 2004 Apr 29.

PKC-delta and -epsilon regulate NF-kappaB activation induced by cholecystokinin and TNF-alpha in pancreatic acinar cells.

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Research Center for Alcoholic Liver and Pancreatic Diseases, Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA.


Although NF-kappaB plays an important role in pancreatitis, mechanisms underlying its activation remain unclear. We investigated the signaling pathways mediating NF-kappaB activation in pancreatic acinar cells induced by high-dose cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8), which causes pancreatitis in rodent models, and TNF-alpha, which contributes to inflammatory responses of pancreatitis, especially the role of PKC isoforms. We determined subcellular distribution and kinase activities of PKC isoforms and NF-kappaB activation in dispersed rat pancreatic acini. We applied isoform-specific, cell-permeable peptide inhibitors to assess the role of individual PKC isoforms in NF-kappaB activation. Both CCK-8 and TNF-alpha activated the novel isoforms PKC-delta and -epsilon and the atypical isoform PKC-zeta but not the conventional isoform PKC-alpha. Inhibition of the novel PKC isoforms but not the conventional or the atypical isoform resulted in the prevention of NF-kappaB activation induced by CCK-8 and TNF-alpha. NF-kappaB activation by CCK-8 and TNF-alpha required translocation but not tyrosine phosphorylation of PKC-delta. Activation of PKC-delta, PKC-epsilon, and NF-kappaB with CCK-8 involved both phosphatidylinositol-specific PLC and phosphatidylcholine (PC)-specific PLC, whereas with TNF-alpha they only required PC-specific PLC for activation. Results indicate that CCK-8 and TNF-alpha initiate NF-kappaB activation by different PLC pathways that converge at the novel PKCs (delta and epsilon) to mediate NF-kappaB activation in pancreatic acinar cells. These findings suggest a key role for the novel PKCs in pancreatitis.

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