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Traffic. 2004 Jun;5(6):449-61.

Sorting of H,K-ATPase beta-subunit in MDCK and LLC-PK cells is independent of mu 1B adaptin expression.

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Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA.


The cytoplasmic tail of the H,K-ATPase beta-subunit contains a putative tyrosine-based motif that directs the beta-subunit's basolateral sorting when it is expressed in Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cells. When expressed in LLC-PK(1) cells, however, the beta-subunit is localized to the apical membrane. Several proteins that contain tyrosine-based motifs, including the low-density lipoprotein and transferrin receptors, show a similar sorting 'defect' when expressed in LLC-PK(1) cells. For low-density lipoprotein and transferrin receptors, this behavior is due to the differential expression of the mu 1B subunit of the AP-1B clathrin adaptor complex. mu 1B is expressed by MDCK cells, but not LLC-PK(1) cells, and transfection of mu 1B into LLC-PK(1) cells restores basolateral localization of low-density lipoprotein and transferrin receptors. For the beta-subunit, however, mu B expression in LLC-PK(1) cells does not induce its basolateral expression. We found that the beta-subunit interacts with both mu 1B and mu 1A in vitro and in vivo. The capacity to participate in a mu 1B interaction therefore is not sufficient to program the beta-subunit's basolateral localization in MDCK cells. Our data suggest that the H,K-ATPase beta-subunit's basolateral sorting signal is either masked in certain epithelial cells, or requires an interaction with sorting machinery other than AP-1B for delivery to the basolateral plasma membrane.

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