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Instr Course Lect. 2004;53:311-21.

Evaluation and treatment of chronic ankle pain.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA.

Abstract

The evaluation and treatment of chronic ankle pain presents a challenge to the orthopaedic surgeon. A detailed history helps to determine causative factors resulting from earlier trauma or surgery. A careful physical examination and radiographic studies also are helpful in making an accurate diagnosis, which is the basis for choosing a specific and effective treatment regimen.

PMID:
15116624
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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