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J Infect Dis. 2004 May 1;189(9):1556-64.

Ability of blood group A-active glycosphingolipids to act as Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin receptors in HT-29 cells.

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Departamento de Quimica Biológica, "Dr. Ranwel Caputto"-Centro de Investigaciones en Química Biológica de Córdoba, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina.


We examined the ability of blood group A-active glycoconjugates to act as receptors for Escherichia coli heat-labile type I enterotoxin (LT-I) in HT-29 cells. These cells contained ~4 times more specific binding sites for LT-I than for cholera toxin (CT). Binding of LT-I could not be blocked by the B subunit of CT (CT-B), indicating the existence of LT-I receptors in addition to the glycosphingolipid GM1. LT-I was able to increase levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (AMP), even in the presence of CT-B. Helix pomatia and anti-blood group A antibody caused a dose-dependent inhibition of binding of LT-I to cells and production of cyclic AMP. LT-I recognized several complex blood group A-active glycosphingolipids from cells, and this interaction was also interfered with by H. pomatia. Treatment of cells with D,L-threo-1-phenyl-2-hexadecanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol diminished surface expression of blood group A-active glycosphingolipids and binding of LT-I to non-GM1 receptors. These observations suggest that blood group A-active glycosphingolipids can function as alternative receptors for LT-I in HT-29 cells.

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