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Thromb Haemost. 2004 May;91(5):899-904.

Association after linkage analysis indicates that homozygosity for the 46C-->T polymorphism in the F12 gene is a genetic risk factor for venous thrombosis.

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Unitat d'Hemostasi i Trombosi, Departament d'Hematologia, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, C/ Sant Antoni Ma Claret, 167. 08025, Barcelona, Spain.


In a family-based study called GAIT (Genetic Analysis of Idiopathic Thrombophilia) that included a genome-wide scan we demonstrated that a polymorphism (46C-->T) in the F12 locus jointly influences variability of plasma (Factor XII) FXII levels and susceptibility to thrombotic disease. It then became germane to determine the prevalence of the 46C-->T polymorphism and its relative risk of thrombotic disease. We followed up evidence for genetic linkage with a case-control study, including 250 unrelated consecutive Spanish patients suffering from venous thrombotic disease and 250 Spanish subjects matched for sex and age as a controls. We measured FXII levels and genotyped the 46C-->T polymorphism, as well as a number of classical risk factors for thrombotic disease. We confirmed that individuals with different genotypes for this polymorphism showed significant differences in their FXII levels. Most importantly, the mutated T allele in the homozygous state (genotype T/T) was associated with an increased risk of thrombosis (adjusted OR of 4.82; 95% CI 1.5-15.6), suggesting that the polymorphism itself is an independent risk factor for venous thromboembolism. This study confirms that the 46C-->T polymorphism is a genetic risk factor for venous thrombosis in the Spanish population. In addition, our results confirm that a genome-wide scan coupled with a classical case-control association study is an extremely valuable approach to identify DNA variants that affect complex diseases.

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