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Cell Res. 2004 Apr;14(2):117-24.

LIGHT sensitizes IFN-gamma-mediated apoptosis of HT-29 human carcinoma cells through both death receptor and mitochondria pathways.

Author information

1
Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0934, USA. manchaoz@umich.edu

Abstract

LIGHT [homologous to lymphotoxins, shows inducible expression, and competes with herpes simplex virus glycoprotein D for herpes virus entry mediator (HVEM/TR2)] is a new member of TNF superfamily. The HT-29 colon cancer cell line is the most sensitive to LIGHT-induced, IFNg-mediated apoptosis among the cell lines we have examined so far. Besides downregulation of Bcl-XL, upregulation of Bak, and activation of both PARP [poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase] and DFF45 (DNA fragmentation factor), LIGHT-induced, IFNg-mediated apoptosis of HT-29 cells involves extensive caspase activation. Caspase-8 and caspase-9 activation, as shown by their cleavages appeared as early as 24 h after treatment, whereas caspase-3 and caspase-7 activation, as shown by their cleavages occurred after 72 h of LIGHT treatment. Caspase-3 inhibitor Z-DEVD-FMK (benzyloxycarbonyl-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-fluoromethylketone) and a broad range caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK (benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp fluoromethylketone) were able to block LIGHT-induced, IFNg-mediated apoptosis of HT-29 cells. The activity of caspase-3, which is one of the major executioner caspases, was found to be inhibited by both Z-DEVD-MFK and Z-VAD-FMK. These results suggest that LIGHT-induced, IFNg-mediated apoptosis of HT-29 cells is caspase-dependent, and LIGHT signaling is mediated through both death receptor and mitochondria pathways.

PMID:
15115612
DOI:
10.1038/sj.cr.7290210
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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