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Nephrol Nurs J. 2004 Mar-Apr;31(2):149-54, 159-63.

New directions in peritoneal dialysis patient training.

Author information

1
Gambro Healthcare, Orange Park, FL, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the effect of training methods on selected patient outcomes in peritoneal dialysis patients.

DESIGN:

Multi-center, longitudinal prospective quasi-experimental design study conducted over a 2-year period.

SETTING:

Thirty-two Gambro Healthcare peritoneal dialysis (PD) home training programs in the United States.

SUBJECTS:

New patients starting PD were trained on PD technique and diet using either an adult learning theory-based curriculum in the experimental group (PG) or non-standardized conventional training programs in the control group (CG). Excluded were patients who were non-English speaking, legally blind without sighted caregiver, nursing home residents, and those with previous exposure to PD training.

METHODS:

Information was collected by means of manual data collection tools and though the use of Gambro Healthcare computer system and was analyzed for statistical significance by Gambro Healthcare biostatistician.

RESULTS:

Compared with the CG, initial training took longer in the PG (PG = 29 hrs; CG = 22.6 hrs; p < .0001), and time required for retraining was less but not statistically significant (PG = 8.7 hrs; CG = 12.5 hrs; p = .1324). The peritonitis rate was less in the PG (28.2 per 1000 patient months) than in the CG (36.7 per 1000 patient months), but did not achieve statistical significance (p = .09783). Exit site infections (ESIs) were less in the PG than the CG (PG = 18.5; CG = 31.8; p = .00349). Dropout from PD to hemodialysis secondary to infection was less in the PG (1.6%) than in the CG (5.6%) (p = .0069). Measured on a scale with 4 being the best score, mean fluid balance scores in the PG were 3.41 compared to 3.25 in the CG (p < .0001), and mean compliance scores for the PG versus the CG were 3.62 and 3.52, respectively (p < .0001). Laboratory parameters between the two groups were significantly different only for Kt/V (PG = 2.4; CG = 2.3; p = 0.0107).

CONCLUSION:

Use of the adult learning theory-based training method curriculum was positively associated with improved patient outcomes in the PD population studied.

PMID:
15114797
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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