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Diabetes Care. 2004 May;27(5):1066-70.

Diabetes, depression, and quality of life: a population study.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of Adelaide, The Adelaide Clinic, Park Terrace, Gilberton, South Australia. robert.goldney@adelaide.edu.au

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of diabetes and depression and their associations with quality of life using a representative population sample.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

The study consisted of a representative population sample of individuals aged > or = 15 years living in South Australia comprising 3,010 personal interviews conducted by trained health interviewers. The prevalence of depression in those suffering doctor-diagnosed diabetes and comparative effects of diabetic status and depression on quality-of-life dimensions were measured.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of depression in the diabetic population was 24% compared with 17% in the nondiabetic population. Those with diabetes and depression experienced an impact with a large effect size on every dimension of the Short Form Health-Related Quality-of-Life Questionnaire (SF-36) as compared with those who suffered diabetes and who were not depressed. A supplementary analysis comparing both depressed diabetic and depressed nondiabetic groups showed there were statistically significant differences in the quality-of-life effects between the two depressed populations in the physical and mental component summaries of the SF-36.

CONCLUSIONS:

Depression for those with diabetes is an important comorbidity that requires careful management because of its severe impact on quality of life.

PMID:
15111522
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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