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Plant Mol Biol. 1992 Sep;19(6):985-1000.

AT-rich promoter elements of soybean heat shock gene Gmhsp17.5E bind two distinct sets of nuclear proteins in vitro.

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Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611-0100.


A 33 bp double-stranded oligonucleotide homologous to two AT-rich sequences located upstream (-907 to -889 and -843 to -826) to the start of transcription of heat shock gene Gmhsp17.5E of soybean stimulated transcription when placed 5' to a truncated (-140) maize Adh1 promoter. The chimeric promoter was assayed in vivo utilizing anaerobically stressed sunflower tumors transformed by a pTi-based vector of Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Nuclear proteins extracted from soybean plumules were shown to bind double-stranded oligonucleotides homologous to AT-rich sequences in the 5' flanking regions of soybean beta-conglycinin, lectin, leghemoglobin and heat shock genes. These proteins were also shown to bind AT-rich probes homologous to homeobox protein binding sites from the Antennapedia and engrailed/fushi tarazu genes of Drosophila. Binding activity specific for AT-rich sequences showed a wide distribution among various plant organs and species. Preliminary characterization indicated that two sets of nuclear proteins from soybean bind AT-rich DNA sequences: a diverse high-molecular-weight (ca. 46-69 kDa) group, and a low-molecular-weight (23 and 32 kDa) group of proteins. The latter meets the operational criteria for high-mobility group proteins (HMGs).

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