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Virology. 2004 May 1;322(2):328-36.

Phospholipid molecular species profiles of tectiviruses infecting Gram-negative and Gram-positive hosts.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Helsinki, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.


The phospholipid (PL) molecular species compositions of bacteriophages PRD1 and Bam35 as well as their respective hosts were determined quantitatively using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass-spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS) and backed up by gas-chromatographic/mass-spectrometric (GC-MS) analysis of the total fatty acids (FAs). The results showed that both viruses contain significantly more phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and less phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) than the host membranes. Only modest differences in the molecular species composition of the viruses and their respective hosts were observed, indicating that the virus assembly process is relatively nonselective in respect of the fatty acid (FA) proportion of phospholipids (PL). These data indicate that the PL composition of these two viruses is largely, albeit not exclusively, determined by the availability of phospholipids in the host membrane.

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