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Plasmid. 2004 May;51(3):192-202.

Complete sequence and structural organization of pFL5 and pFL7, two cryptic plasmids from Bacillus licheniformis.

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Department of Food Science and Microbiology, University of Milan, Via Celoria 2, 20133, Italy.


The complete nucleotide sequences of two plasmids, pFL5 and pFL7, isolated from soil bacteria, Bacillus licheniformis FL5 and FL7, have been determined. The plasmids pFL5 and pFL7 were analyzed and found to be 9150 and 7853 bp in size with a G+C content of 41.0 and 43.6 mol%, respectively. Computer assisted analysis of sequence data revealed 11 possible ORFs in pFL5, four of which could be assigned no function from homology searches. Instead, eight putative ORFs were identified in pFL7, two of which appeared to have no biological function. All the ORFs were preceded by a ribosome binding site. The ORFs 9.5 and 6.7, each of 340 amino acids, were postulated to encode a replication protein similar to known replication proteins of rolling circle replicons, particularly those of the pC194 family. The structural organization of the two pFL plasmids is similar to the pTA plasmids family, with only a few putative coding regions that cannot be attributed to these plasmid backbone genes. In contrast to pTA plasmids, the majority of the genes have an orientation of transcription opposite to the direction of replication. The identified probable sso sequences seem to belong to a different group of those found in Bacillus plasmids; in fact, a significant level of homology was found with ssoA group sequences. These plasmids seem to be related to plasmids identified within the Bacillus subtilis group, confirming the low-level diversity among these replicons.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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