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J Cell Biochem. 2004 May 15;92(2):238-48.

Expression of Nox4 in osteoclasts.

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Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425,USA.


A new superoxide-generating enzyme, NADPH oxidase 4 (Nox4), contributes to osteoclastic superoxide production. In this study, we demonstrated that Nox4 is expressed at a higher level in osteoclasts than that in precursor cells. This result suggested that Nox4 is upregulated during the differentiation and development of osteoclasts. Cotransfection of Nox4/P22 DNA resulted in enhanced superoxide production in osteoclasts, indicating that P22 may be a necessary factor for the Nox4 activity. In addition, expression of both cathepsin K and TRAP is increased significantly in osteoclasts cotransfected with Nox4/P22. Further study revealed that JNK was activated and that NF-kappa B was inhibited in Nox4/P22 cotransfected osteoclasts. These findings suggest that superoxide and/or superoxide derived molecules may modulate the signal transduction pathways necessary for osteoclasts to function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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