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J Vet Med Sci. 2004 Mar;66(3):333-5.

The first record of sucking louse, Neohaematopinus callosciuri, infesting pallas squirrels in Japan.

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  • 1College of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University, Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan.


A species of sucking louse, Neohaematopinus callosciuri, was found for the first time in Japan. The species was found on an invasive species of squirrel, Pallas squirrel, Callosciurus erythraeus, in the Kamakura district, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. A total of 52 lice were obtained from 22 of 104 squirrels captured. The lice were about three times more prevalent in male squirrels than in females and were detected most frequently in the winter. As N. callosciuri has never been reported on wild animals in Japan, this species probably was introduced into Japan along with their host, Pallas squirrels.

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