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Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2004 Spring;34(1):77-86.

Suicidality and psychosis: beyond depression and hopelessness.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Psychopathology Research Unit, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA.


The present study examined recent suicide attempters with and without psychotic disorders in order to understand factors that contribute to suicide ideation during and following the suicide attempt. Patients with psychotic disorders endorsed higher levels of suicide ideation than patients without psychotic disorders. Even when depression, hopelessness, substance abuse, and social problem solving were controlled for, there was a significant association between psychotic disorder and suicide ideation. During the follow-up period, patients with psychotic disorders subsequently attempted suicide at a significantly higher rate than patients without psychotic disorders. The clinical relevance of these findings is discussed.

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