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Am J Surg Pathol. 2004 May;28(5):578-84.

Analysis of parathyroid neoplasms by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization.

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Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Anatomic Pathology, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.


Recent studies have indicated that numerical chromosomal abnormalities, including changes in cyclin D1 and p53, may be involved in parathyroid tumorigenesis. We analyzed a series of parathyroid neoplasms with DNA fluorescent probes to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic utility of numerical abnormalities of chromosomes 1, 6, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, and 22 and cyclin D1 and p53 gene loci. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis was performed on paraffin-embedded tissue sections from 15 parathyroid adenomas and 18 parathyroid carcinomas. Directly labeled fluorescent DNA probes for the centromere region of chromosomes 1, 6, 9, 11, 15, and 17, and locus-specific probes for chromosome 22 and chromosome 13 and for cyclin D1 and p53 gene loci were used for dual-probe hybridization. Sixty-seven percent (10 of 15) parathyroid adenomas and 78% (14 of 18) of parathyroid carcinomas showed chromosome gains. Seventy-three percent (11 of 15) of parathyroid adenomas and 33% (6 of 18) of parathyroid carcinomas showed chromosome losses. Normal parathyroid tissues used as controls showed no chromosomal abnormalities. Parathyroid hyperplasias averaged 1.8 gains and 0.2 losses per case. Parathyroid adenomas averaged 2.8 gains and 0.8 losses per case, and parathyroid carcinomas averaged 3.6 gains and 0.6 losses per case. In summary, chromosome abnormalities, both gains and losses, are common in parathyroid adenomas and carcinomas. Parathyroid carcinomas tend to show gains of more chromosome than adenomas. Chromosome 11 was the most frequent chromosome loss identified in parathyroid adenomas and a frequent chromosomal gain in parathyroid carcinomas. These results indicate that gain of chromosome 11 is associated with more aggressive biologic behavior in parathyroid neoplasms.

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