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J Nat Prod. 2004 Apr;67(4):654-8.

Staminane- and isopimarane-type diterpenes from Orthosiphon stamineus of Taiwan and their nitric oxide inhibitory activity.

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Institute of Natural Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 2630-Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194, Japan.


From the MeOH extract of Taiwanese Orthosiphon stamineus, two new staminane-type diterpenes, staminols C (1) and D (2), and three new isopimarane-type diterpenes, orthosiphonone C (3) and D (4) and 14-deoxo-14-O-acetylorthosiphol Y (5), have been isolated together with 16 known diterpenes, orthosiphols A, B, D, K, M, N, O, X, and Y, nororthosiphonolide A, neoorthosiphol B, orthosiphonone A, secoorthosiphols B and C, 3-O-deacetylorthosiphol I, and 2-O-deacetylorthosiphol J. Their structures were determined on the basis of the spectroscopic data. All the newly isolated diterpenes exhibited dose-dependent inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated macrophage-like J774.1 cells, and 2-O-deacetylorthosiphonone A showed the most potent activity, with an IC(50) value of 35.0 microM, comparable to that of the positive control N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA; IC(50), 35.7 microM).

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