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Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2004 Feb;149(1):28-37.

Molecular cytogenetic analysis of breast cancer: a combined multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization and G-banding study of uncultured tumor cells.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Sotiria Hospital, Messogion 152, Athens 11527, Greece.


In six patients with breast cancer, uncultured tumor cells were investigated with G-banding and multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH). A large number of numerical and structural aberrations could be analyzed. Among other structural abnormalities, reciprocal, hidden and complex translocations were found. Recurrent t(1;10) and t(6;16), not previously described, were identified, as well as t(15;22). The latter was also found in additional cases among our unpublished breast carcinomas. The significance of t(15;22) for breast cancer is discussed, taking into account also data drawn from the literature. Reciprocal translocations were a prominent feature in a pseudodiploid lobular carcinoma. Hidden translocations on 6p22-p24 were detected with M-FISH. Involvement of 6p22-p24 was observed in five cases. The analysis of various other translocations and different structural abnormalities revealed the following common breakpoints (according to frequency of involvement): 1p34-p36, 3p12-p13, 4p13-->q11, 14p11-->q11, 1q42, 8p11, 8q24, 10q22, 11q13, 11q23-q24, 13q13, and 18p10-p11. Loss of 3p and 1p34-p36-->pter and complete or partial loss of 13q and chromosome 17 were also found. With the combination of G-banding and M-FISH techniques, chromosome misclassification is avoided and the characterization of complex tumor karyotypes is more effective.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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