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J Hum Hypertens. 2004 Jun;18(6):417-22.

Impact of age on left ventricular hypertrophy regression during antihypertensive treatment with losartan or atenolol (the LIFE study).

Author information

1
Institute of Medicine, University of Bergen, Norway. evgerdts@online.no

Abstract

To assess the influence of age on changes in left ventricular (LV) mass and geometry during antihypertensive treatment, we related age to clinical and echocardiographic findings before and after 4 years of antihypertensive treatment in a subset of 560 hypertensive patients without known concurrent disease in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study, which randomized patients to blinded losartan- or atenolol-based treatment. Patients >/=65 years (older group) included more women and patients with isolated systolic hypertension or albuminuria (all P<0.05). Compared to patients <65 years, older patients had higher pulse pressure, LV mass, and prevalence of concentric hypertrophy at baseline (78 vs 69 mmHg, 234 vs 224 g, and 28 vs 16%, respectively, all P<0.01), while the mean blood pressure did not differ. Over 4 years, reductions in LV mass and the mean blood pressure were similar in both groups, but older patients more often had residual hypertrophy (31 vs 15%, P<0.001) with a preponderance of eccentric geometry. In multivariate analysis of 4-year change in LV mass controlling for baseline mass, larger hypertrophy reduction was associated with losartan treatment, while age, gender, body mass index, and 4-year change in pulse pressure and albuminuria did not enter (Multiple R (2)=0.40, P<0.001). Thus, in up-to-80-year-old hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy, age did not significantly attenuate hypertrophy reduction during antihypertensive treatment, although residual hypertrophy was more prevalent in older patients as a consequence of higher initial LV mass.

PMID:
15103312
DOI:
10.1038/sj.jhh.1001718
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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