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Infect Immun. 2004 May;72(5):3084-7.

Porcine choroid plexus epithelial cells induce Streptococcus suis bacteriostasis in vitro.

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1
Klinik für Allgemeine Pädiatrie. Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Abstract

The involvement of the choroid plexus in host defense during bacterial meningitis is unclear. Aiming to elucidate possible antibacterial mechanisms, we stimulated primary porcine choroid plexus epithelial cells (pCPEC) with proinflammatory cytokines and challenged them with various Streptococcus suis strains. In the supernatant of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma)-stimulated pCPEC, streptococcal growth was markedly suppressed. Costimulation with tumor necrosis factor alpha enhanced this bacteriostatic effect, while supplementation of L-tryptophan completely eliminated it. We also demonstrate that an activation of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase in the pCPEC seems to be responsible for the IFN-gamma-induced bacteriostasis. This supports the hypothesis of an active role of the choroid plexus in host defense against bacterial meningitis.

PMID:
15102828
PMCID:
PMC387883
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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