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Trends Cell Biol. 2004 Feb;14(2):86-93.

Matrix remodeling during endochondral ossification.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy, HSW1321, University of California San Francisco, 513 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143-0452, USA.

Abstract

Endochondral ossification, the process by which most of the skeleton is formed, is a powerful system for studying various aspects of the biological response to degraded extracellular matrix (ECM). In addition, the dependence of endochondral ossification upon neovascularization and continuous ECM remodeling provides a good model for studying the role of the matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) not only as simple effectors of ECM degradation but also as regulators of active signal-inducers for the initiation of endochondral ossification. The daunting task of elucidating their specific role during endochondral ossification has been facilitated by the development of mice deficient for various members of this family. Here, we discuss the ECM and its remodeling as one level of molecular regulation for the process of endochondral ossification, with special attention to the MMPs.

PMID:
15102440
PMCID:
PMC2779708
DOI:
10.1016/j.tcb.2003.12.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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