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Can J Psychiatry. 2004 Mar;49(3):164-71.

Non-Alzheimer's disease dementias: anatomic, clinical, and molecular correlates.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, University of California at San Francisco, USA. craig.hou@memory.ucsf.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review the clinical and molecular features of non-Alzheimer's disease (non-AD) dementias, focusing on disorders associated with tau pathology (that is, frontotemporal lobar degeneration [FTLD], corticobasal ganglionic degeneration [CBD], and progressive supranuclear palsy [PSP]) or on disorders with synuclein pathology (that is, dementia with Lewy bodies [DLB] and multisystem atrophy [MSA]). We also discuss the pharmacologic treatment of these disorders.

METHODS:

We report a selective review of the literature on FTLD, CBD, PSP, DLB, and MSA.

RESULTS:

The non-AD dementias can present with a wide variety of cognitive and behavioural symptoms. Through common clinical features and shared molecular etiologies, neurodegenerative disorders previously thought to be distinct are now classified into tauopathies and synucleinopathies.

CONCLUSIONS:

The unique cognitive and behavioural manifestations of the non-AD dementias can be mistaken for psychiatric disorders. Improved detection of tauopathies and synucleinopathies and their differentiation from AD is possible.

PMID:
15101498
DOI:
10.1177/070674370404900303
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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