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Drug Metab Dispos. 2004 May;32(5):497-504.

Strong inhibitory effects of common tea catechins and bioflavonoids on the O-methylation of catechol estrogens catalyzed by human liver cytosolic catechol-O-methyltransferase.

Author information

1
Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of South Carolina, Room 617 of Coker Life Sciences Building, 700 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208.

Abstract

In the present investigation, we studied the inhibitory effects of three tea catechins [catechin, epicatechin, and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate] and two bioflavonoids (quercetin and fisetin) on the O-methylation of 2- and 4-hydroxyestradiol (2-OH-E(2) and 4-OH-E(2), respectively) by human liver cytosolic catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT). We found that catechin and epicatechin each inhibited the O-methylation of 2-OH-E(2) and 4-OH-E(2) in a concentration-dependent manner. The IC(50) values for inhibition of 2-OH-E(2) methylation by catechin and epicatechin were 14 to 17 microM and 44 to 65 microM, respectively, and their IC(50) values for inhibition of 4-OH-E(2) methylation were 5 to 7 microM and 10 to 18 microM, respectively. Our data showed that these two catechins had 2- to 6-fold higher inhibition potency for the O-methylation of 4-OH-E(2) than for the O-methylation of 2-OH-E(2). (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate was found to have a distinctly high inhibition potency for the O-methylation of 2- and 4-OH-E(2) (IC(50) values of 0.04-0.07 microM and 0.2-0.5 microM, respectively). The crude extracts from green tea and black tea also showed very strong activity in inhibiting human liver COMT-mediated O-methylation of catechol estrogens. We also determined, for comparison, two common bioflavonoids (quercetin and fisetin) for their inhibitory effects on human liver COMT-mediated O-methylation of catechol estrogens. The IC(50) values for quercetin and fisetin were 0.9 to 1.5 microM and 3.3 to 4.5 microM, respectively, for inhibiting the O-methylation of 2-OH-E(2), and 0.5 to 1.2 microM and 2.6 to 4.2 microM, respectively, for inhibiting the O-methylation of 4-OH-E(2). Enzyme kinetic analyses showed that both tea catechins and bioflavonoids inhibited human liver COMT-mediated O-methylation of 4-OH-E(2) (a representative substrate) with a mixed mechanism of inhibition (competitive plus noncompetitive). In summary, the catechol-containing tea catechins and bioflavonoids are strong inhibitors of human liver COMT-mediated O-methylation of catechol estrogens. More studies are warranted to determine the extent of such inhibition in human subjects and the potential biological consequences.

PMID:
15100171
DOI:
10.1124/dmd.32.5.497
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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