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Z Gastroenterol. 1992 Jul;30(7):495-7.

[Intestinal regulation of pancreatic enzyme secretion: stimulatory and inhibitory mechanisms].

[Article in German]

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Abteilung f├╝r Gastroenterologie, Medizinische Universit├Ątsklinik Essen, Bundesrepublik Deuschland.


How exocrine pancreatic secretion is regulated is only partly known. It is assumed that interaction of several neural and hormonal mechanisms is involved. In man, the intestinal component of these control mechanisms is very important while extra-intestinal mechanisms (such as the cephalic and the gastric phase) play lesser roles. Regulation of pancreatic secretion by the intestine is composed of three main mechanisms. 1. The proximal intestinal (duodenal) phase of the secretory response to a meal is elicited by nutrients within the proximal intestinal lumen. It is mediated mainly by interactions between cholinergic reflexes and release of the peptide hormone cholecystokinin (CCK). Recent data suggest that part of the action of CCK is not exerted directly on the acinar cellular level, but rather by modulation of cholinergic inputs. 2. The distal intestinal (ileal) phase is elicited by contact of the distal intestinal mucosa with nutrients that pass through the ileal lumen due to physiological malabsorption. The ileum (in contrast to the duodenum) induces net-inhibition of pancreatic secretion. The mediation is unknown, candidate mediators are PYY and GLP-1. 3. Intestinal feedback-regulation of pancreatic secretion in humans is controlled by intraluminal protease activity; this mechanism is not covered in the present paper.

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