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J Cell Biol. 2004 Apr 26;165(2):243-54. Epub 2004 Apr 19.

ZIP kinase is responsible for the phosphorylation of myosin II and necessary for cell motility in mammalian fibroblasts.

Author information

1
Dept. of Physiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Ave. North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA.

Abstract

Reorganization of actomyosin is an essential process for cell migration and myosin regulatory light chain (MLC20) phosphorylation plays a key role in this process. Here, we found that zipper-interacting protein (ZIP) kinase plays a predominant role in myosin II phosphorylation in mammalian fibroblasts. Using two phosphorylation site-specific antibodies, we demonstrated that a significant portion of the phosphorylated MLC20 is diphosphorylated and that the localization of mono- and diphosphorylated myosin is different from each other. The kinase responsible for the phosphorylation was ZIP kinase because (a) the kinase in the cell extracts phosphorylated Ser19 and Thr18 of MLC20 with similar potency; (b) immunodepletion of ZIP kinase from the cell extracts markedly diminished its myosin II kinase activity; and (c) disruption of ZIP kinase expression by RNA interference diminished myosin phosphorylation, and resulted in the defect of cell polarity and migration efficiency. These results suggest that ZIP kinase is critical for myosin phosphorylation and necessary for cell motile processes in mammalian fibroblasts.

PMID:
15096528
PMCID:
PMC2172045
DOI:
10.1083/jcb.200309056
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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