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Environ Pollut. 1989;60(3-4):257-71.

Atmospheric deposition to the edge of a spruce forest in Denmark.

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Laboratory of Environmental Sciences and Ecology, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark.


Atmospheric deposition was measured during 1 year at the forest edge of a Norway spruce stand in Denmark. Inside the forest the deposition of H(+), Ca(2+), Mg(2+), Na(+), K(+), Cl(-), NO(3)(-), NH(4)(2) and SO(4)(2-) with canopy throughfall varies with the distance from the forest edge. The deposition at the edge is found to be 10-20 times as high as deposition to an open field and 2-8 times as high as deposition inside the stand. An exponential decrease in deposition as a function of the distance from the forest edge is found. Increased deposition of K(+) and non-sea salt Mg(2+), which mainly originates as a result of leaching from the needles may be explained by a larger leaf area index (LAI) at the forest edge. Deposition of particulate substances, especially Na(+), Cl(-), Mg(2+) and to some extent SO(4)(2-), NH(4)(+) and NO(3)(-) is increased much more than the LAI, which we believe to be caused by changes in wind movements at the forest edge.

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