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Environ Pollut. 1990;64(3-4):313-22.

Surface structures and epicuticular wax composition of spruce needles after long-term treatment with ozone and acid mist.

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  • 1GSF Munich, Ingolstädter Landstrasse 1, D-8042 Neuherberg, FRG.


Epicuticular wax structures and epicuticular wax composition were studied in needles of Picea abies (L.) Karst. plants after a long-term fumigation experiment. SEM observations showed aggregated as well as undamaged waxes without any relation to treatments. The chemical wax analysis revealed clone specific differences, but only one compound, the nonacosan-10-ol (C(29)-ol), was found enriched in ozone/acid mist treatments.

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