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Melanoma Res. 2004 Feb;14(1):67-72.

Isolated hepatic perfusion with high-dose melphalan for the treatment of uveal melanoma metastases confined to the liver.

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Departments of Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.


Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular tumour in adults. After treatment of the primary tumour, up to 50% of patients will ultimately develop metastases. Treatment options for metastases are limited. When uveal melanoma metastases are confined to the liver, isolated hepatic perfusion (IHP) could be a treatment option. Herein, we report the results of a small group of patients with uveal melanoma metastases of the liver treated with IHP. Eight patients with uveal melanoma metastases confined to the liver underwent IHP with high-dose melphalan (200 mg) for 1 h. Toxicity was graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria and tumour response was assessed according to World Health Organization criteria. The tumour response rate (complete or partial remission) was 50%. The median time to progression was 6.7 months (range, 1.7-16.9 months). The overall median survival was 9.9 months (range, 4.7-34.6 months), with a 1 year survival of 50% and a 2 year survival of 37.5%. Three patients experienced grade 3-4 hepatotoxicity which was transient within 3 months. Although only a small group of patients has been treated and evaluated so far, IHP is a treatment option for uveal melanoma metastases confined to the liver which can result in tumour responses and may lead to survival benefits in a selective group of patients.

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