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Cancer Causes Control. 2004 Apr;15(3):237-41.

International trends in prostate-cancer mortality: the decrease is continuing and spreading.

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Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Queensland Cancer Fund, PO Box 201, Spring Hill QLD 4004, Australia.



To measure recent changes in prostate-cancer mortality across 24 developed countries.


Mortality data for men aged 50-79 years were obtained from the World Health Organisation mortality database and we assessed trends in age-standardised mortality rates using joinpoint regression models.


Significant reductions in prostate-cancer mortality were observed in United Kingdom, United States, Austria, Canada, Italy, France, Germany, Australia and Spain, and downward trends were also observable in the Netherlands, Ireland and Sweden.


Mortality declines for prostate cancer are now evident in 12 out of the 24 developed countries considered in this analysis. Increases in PSA screening and better treatment of early-stage disease, possibly acting in combination, remain plausible hypotheses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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