Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Radiology. 1992 Sep;184(3):721-7.

Transnasal US of the esophagus: preliminary morphologic and function studies.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA 19107.


High-frequency catheter-based ultrasound (US) transducers can be inserted into the esophagus transnasally to evaluate esophageal wall structures. Studies were performed in two sheep esophagus specimens in vitro, in 17 healthy human subjects, and in 16 patients with esophageal abnormalities (eight with achalasia, four with scleroderma, three with esophageal carcinoma, and one with esophagitis). In the sheep specimens, endoluminal US delineated seven layers of the esophageal wall; these results correlated closely with histologic findings. Real-time US of the normal esophageal wall was performed during resting and swallowing. Muscles at the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) were shown to be thicker than muscles in the body of the esophagus. Thickening of the muscular layers at the LES in achalasia, dilated blood vessels within the submucosa in esophagitis, and fibrotic changes within the muscular layers in scleroderma were demonstrated. Extramural structures adjacent to the esophagus were also seen. These preliminary results suggest that transnasal esophageal US may become an important diagnostic tool in evaluation of the esophagus.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center