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Assay Drug Dev Technol. 2003 Oct;1(5):611-8.

A mechanism-based in vitro anticancer drug screening approach for phenolic phytochemicals.

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Department of Oral Biology and Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA 30912-1126, USA.


Plant-derived phenolic compounds, including polyphenols (e.g., tannins), flavonoids, and phenolic acids, have been under investigation for their anticancer therapeutic and chemoprevention properties. Recently, certain mechanisms underlying the differential effects of green tea polyphenols (GTPPs) on tumor versus normal cells have been determined. These suggest that GTPPs may simultaneously activate multiple pathways. However, existing screening methods are insufficient for the identification of agents that possess both a cytotoxic effect on tumor cells and a protective effect on normal cells. The current study describes the establishment of an in vitro survival/apoptosis testing system based on detecting these mechanisms by a double-fluorescence method. This system is able to screen potential chemopreventive or therapeutic agents from (but not limited to) plant-derived compounds based on the pathways differentially activated by the agents. Tumor cell death and normal cell survival are detected simultaneously, in a device that co-cultures normal human cells adjacent to human tumor cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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