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Phys Rev Lett. 2004 Mar 26;92(12):121101. Epub 2004 Mar 26.

Measurement of the solar gravitational deflection of radio waves using geodetic very-long-baseline interferometry data, 1979-1999.

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1
Department of Physics, Guilford College, Greensboro, North Carolina 27410, USA. sshapiro@guilford.edu

Abstract

We used very-long-baseline interferometry (VLBI) to measure the deflection by the Sun of radio waves emanating from distant compact radio sources. This bending is characterized in the parametrized post-Newtonian formalism by gamma, which is unity in general relativity. Using a large geodetic VLBI data set, we obtained gamma=0.9998(3)+/-0.0004(5) (estimated standard error). We found no systematic biases from our analysis of subgroups of data.

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